Tag Archives: Juvenile

Aymara Culture Protects Their Children from Psychological Distress

A team of Chilean researchers has recently published a report on the mental health of Aymara schoolchildren in Northern Chile, suggesting that involvement with their culture may act as a protective factor against psychological distress, including anxiety and hopelessness. Continue reading

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Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (OAS) Condemns Injuries to Mapuche Children

On Thursday, August 2nd, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights — a part of the Organization of American States — issued a statement condemning the Chilean government’s actions with respect to Mapuche children. The Commission stated that multiple Mapuche children were injured during an operation by police to evict individuals who were protesting for their land rights. The body also urged Chile to “investigate the facts and sanction those responsible, and to adopt measures in order to avoid in the future the excesive use of force in these operations.” Continue reading

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Chile’s Supreme Court Overturns Case Seeking to Protect Mapuche Children from Police

On Friday, May 25th, the Chilean Supreme Court announced their decision in a case involving the Mapuche community of José Jineo. The case sought to protect Mapuche women and children from police abuse, and was in response to a number of police raids that occurred in that community during the month of January. Ultimately, the Supreme Court stated there was insufficient evidence to suggest that Chilean police officers had inappropriately used their powers in the Mapuche community. Continue reading

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Chile’s National Institute of Human Rights Files Case on Behalf of Mapuche Against Police

On Friday, February 3rd, Chile’s National Institute of Human Rights (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos or INDH) filed a case with the Temuco Court of Appeals on behalf of the Mapuche children and youth living in the Mapuche community of José Jineo. The allegations are that the police have engaged in conduct which has harmed the physical and mental integrity of minors in the region. INDH has said they hope the legal action will result in the court ordering whatever measures are necessary to protect the affected youths from future violations. Continue reading

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Chile to Reduce Teaching on Indigenous History and Indigenous Rights

At the beginning of January, the Chilean Ministry of Education announced changes to the national curriculum. The alterations receiving the most media attention revolve around how the Chilean dictatorship (1973-1990) will be taught in schools, but a number of other changes were announced too–including some that affected education on indigenous peoples and indigenous rights. The new curriculum is the focus of our latest column for I Love Chile News, which you can read by clicking here.

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Only 11% of Chile’s Indigenous Youth Speak or Understand Their Native Language

On Monday, January 23rd, UNICEF (the United Nations Children’s Fund) and Chile’s Ministry of Social Development (formerly known as MIDEPLAN) released a study on Indigenous youth in Chile that covered a number of topics. The report revealed that economically, Indigenous youth are in worse shape than their non-Indigenous counterparts. And culturally, the study indicated that 89% of Indigenous youth can neither speak nor understand their Native languages. Continue reading

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Chilean Court Prohibits Use of Tear Gas Against Mapuche Communities

On Wednesday, December 21st, the Temuco Court of Appeals decided a case in which they ordered the Chilean police force to refrain from using tear gas in the homes of Mapuche communities near Ercilla. The court’s order also stated that tear gas should not be used when women, children or elderly people are present. The case was brought by the Mapuche community of Wente Winkul Mapu, after their homes were raided by officers firing tear gas in November of this year. The court’s decision cited several international law instruments, including ILO Convention 169. Continue reading

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Police Raid Mapuche Community in Temucuicui, Juvenile Arrested

On Thursday, December 8th, another incident occurred between police officers and the Mapuche community in Temucuicui (in the comuna of Ercilla). As with other incidents, the facts of what happened vary heavily depending on whether the statement is coming from the police forces or from the community members. What is clear is that police forces — including a helicopter — entered into the Mapuche community and began raiding the area. According to several Mapuche, there were dozens of officers present (one report said approximately 300 officers in total), tear gas was used, and no reason was given for the raid. The police, on the other hand, claim that they sent three officers and a helicopter and were trying to locate missing livestock. Continue reading

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Mapuche Juvenile Shot Near Ercilla

On Thursday, September 22nd, there was an incident that resulted in a 13-year-old Mapuche boy being shot in the arm and thigh near Ercilla. The shooting took place on or near land legally-owned by Leandro Seitz Muñoz. The land, however, is also traditional Mapuche territory and has been at the center of much conflict. This is only the latest in a number of recent incidents in Ercilla, which included the shooting of another juvenile in July. Continue reading

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Mapuche Youth in Ercilla Sign Agreement with Government, End Occupation

On Wedenesday, August 31st, the Mapuche youth who had been peacefully occupying the municipal government building in Ercilla signed a MOU (memorandum of understanding) with regional government officials. The MOU provided for increased Indigenous scholarships, an intercultural school and for continued dialogue on ending the militarization of the region. The agreement ended a peaceful occupation of the city’s municipal building that had been going on for 13 days and that had involved more than 25 Mapuche youth from the community. Continue reading

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