Tag Archives: Military Justice

Military Court Reverses Conviction of Police Officer Who Killed a Mapuche Man

On August 12, 2009 a 24-year-old Mapuche man named Jaime Mendoza Collío was shot and killed by Miguel Patricio Jara Muñoz, a Chilean police officer (carabinero). The shooting occurred in the context of a land dispute over traditional Mapuche territory. Within a week, the officer was charged with using unnecessary force that resulted in death, and has defended himself by arguing that the force was justifiable given the circumstances. The courts repeatedly rejected Jara’s claims of self-defense and, after many appeals, Jara was sentenced to five years and one day in prison in November of 2011. On Saturday, August 18th, the Chilean military court system, announced that it was abandoning the earlier conviction on the grounds that Jara’s actions were done in self-defense. Continue reading

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Police Officer Sentenced to Five Years for Killing of Mapuche Individual

More than two years after Chilean police officer Patricio Jara Muñoz shot and killed a 24-year-old Mapuche man named Jaime Mendoza Collío, the Military Court of Valdivia issued a sentence of five years and one day for Jara. This is a reduction in the fifteen year sentence that Jara was originally given — a sentence that was originally recommended by the Military Prosecutor in the case. At the time of this writing, no explanation for the reduction in penalty has been made public. Continue reading

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Reforms to Military Justice Code Receive Final Approval from Congress

Earlier this week, the lower house of Congress approved the Senate modifications to a bill aimed at reforming the Military Justice Code. The bill will now pass to the President for his approval. Continue reading

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Senate Approves Modifications to Military Justice Code; Passes to House for Final Debate

On Wednesday, the Senate unanimously approved modifications to the Military Justice Code that will require civilians to be tried in ordinary courts. The trial of civilians in military tribunals was a central issue in the hunger strike carried out by Mapuche political prisoners, and modifications to the Military Justice Code were a part of the agreement which led to the majority of Mapuche prisoners ending their hunger strike. Continue reading

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