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Tag Archives: OAS
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the highest judicial body of the Organization of American States (OAS), reached a decision in favor of eight Mapuche individuals who claimed that Chile’s use of the Anti-Terrorism Law against them violated their rights. The decision was written on May 29, 2014 and was later made public during the week of July 28, 2014. The Court found that Chile’s Anti-Terrorism Law denied the eight Mapuche individuals a number of due process rights and ordered Chile to vacate their judgments against the individuals and to compensate them for the violations. The case was a historic victory for the Mapuche and their supporters who have been protesting the use of the Anti-Terrorism law against their people for many years.
For coverage on the case in English, check out the Santiago Time’s article.
The Court’s full decision (in Spanish) can be downloaded here.
On Wednesday and Thursday (May 29-30, 2013), the Inter-American Court of Human Rights — a body of the Organization of American States — heard its first case against the Chilean state. The case actually involved three separate, but similar matters involving Mapuche individuals who had been subjected to Chile’s so-called Antiterrorism Law. The Antiterrorism Law has come under much criticism both internationally and from within Chile, and in this instance, the Mapuche individuals were presenting their testimony on how its application violated their human rights and were asking for its repeal. Continue reading
On Thursday, August 2nd, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights — a part of the Organization of American States — issued a statement condemning the Chilean government’s actions with respect to Mapuche children. The Commission stated that multiple Mapuche children were injured during an operation by police to evict individuals who were protesting for their land rights. The body also urged Chile to “investigate the facts and sanction those responsible, and to adopt measures in order to avoid in the future the excesive use of force in these operations.” Continue reading
The Paraguayan government announced on Wednesday, December 7th, that they had reached an agreement with the Kelyenmagategma Indigenous community whereby 1,000 hectares (2,471 acres) of land will be transferred to the Community. The land is in addition to the 8,748 hectares (more than 21,600 hectares) that were returned to the Community in August of this year. In addition to lands, the Paraguayan government also announced that it would be assisting the Kelyenmagategma community with agricultural projects during the coming year as well. Continue reading
On Wednesday, November 30th, a complaint was filed against the Chilean government with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights — a structure of the Organization of American States (OAS). The petition was brought by four Mapuche prisoners who have alleged human rights violations in the way they their trial was handled, and seeks to have the international body inform Chile that the country’s Antiterrorism Law needs to be reformed to adhere to human rights law. The Commission is expected to rule on the admissibility of the petition and whether they will take the case sometime this week. Continue reading
On Thursday, September 15th, the Sawhoyamaxa community of the Exnet people signed an agreement with the Paraguayan government and several corporations to begin the process of delivering more than 14,400 hectares (35,500 acres) of traditional land back to the Community. The agreement comes five years after the Sawhoyamaxa community won their case in front of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (part of the Organization of American States). The Court, in that case, ordered the Paraguayan government to restore the Community’s traditional lands and also ordered monetary compensation for the death of 19 community members. The agreement was made public on September 20th. Continue reading
On August 3, 2011 the Paraguayan government transferred 8,748 hectares (approximately 21,600 acre) of land to the Kelyenmagategma community of the Enxet people. The transfer of land was a direct response to a petition filed with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in 2004 and, in fact, the President of the Commission, Dinah Shelton, was present when the transfer took place. According to Tierraviva para los Pueblos Indígenas del Chaco, the organization that originally filed the position, the community had been fighting for their land rights for more than a decade. Continue reading
According to attorney Jaime Madariaga, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights will hear the case of Aniceto Norin and Pascual Pichún — two Mapuche leaders (lonkos) who were convicted of making terrorist threats under Chile’s Antiterrorism Law in 2003. According to the report, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights — which is part of the Organization of American States system — decided that the matter should go before the Court. Specifically, the case will be against the Chilean Government and the claim will be that Norin and Pichún were deprived of liberty without due process, which amounts to a denial of fundamental human rights. Continue reading
On Monday, April 25th, at least fifteen members of the Qom community (of the Toba people) began a hunger strike in Buenos Aires because, they claim, the Argentine Government has not upheld promises it has made in the past, largely related to land. In addition to the hunger strike, more than 150 community members along with other supporters have been protesting and blocking traffic at an intersection in the capital city for the past four days. Joining the demonstrators in their claims is a growing chorus of support both nationally and internationally. Continue reading
On Sunday, February 6th, Chilean Special Forces removed the Hito clan from the Hotel Hanga Roa on Easter Island. The Hito clan had been occupying the hotel for months in part of a more elaborate series of peaceful occupations throughout the Island. Their removal marks the final eviction in a series of evictions that have been carried out by the Chilean Government across the Island in recent weeks. Continue reading